Wood lathe

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Draper wood lathe
Draper Lathe.jpg
Draper wood lathe
About
Used for Wood turning projects
Training required Yes
Model Number WTL12A
Serial Number TBC


We have a Draper wood lathe in the woody/dusty area. This is a work in progress and is not yet fully ready for use.

When completed it should be able to turn projects on a faceplate or between centres. There is an aspiration to add a four-jaw chuck for projects that require a chuck.

This lathe is for wood projects. For metal/plastic projects, see Myford_ML_7_Lathe

Manuals

We have been unable to locate a PDF manual for the Draper lathe, but the following manual (for a Clarke CWL12D) appears to describe an identical tool.

File:Clarke CWL12D.pdf

To do list

To get the lathe in safe use:

  • Complete risk assessment.
  • Assign tool trainers.
  • Move "lathe in use" sign lower down and add LED's
  • Add a lock to the front door of woody dusty, clear the secondary door, add sign to secondary door that it cannot be blocked

Longer term aims:

  • PAT test.
  • Acquire and fit suitable chuck
  • Build bespoke bench and fit lathe to it.
  • Fit a power switch that is locked via the key used for the "lathe in use sign"
  • If we get a larger space, then paint a line around the wood lathe on the floor

Completed:

  • Re-mount lathe closer to edge of bench. Completed 21/04/18 by Richard
  • Machine and fit brass pin to allow tailstock to be fixed in place. Completed 19/04/18 by Greg and Stewie
  • Acquire suitable PPE. Completed (Bob)
  • Carbide tooling

Pledge Drive

There is an ongoing pledge drive to acquire carbide tools and face shields.

Pledges/Wood Lathe Startup

Essential dimensions

  • Headstock and tailstock taper: No.1 Morse Taper
  • Faceplate/chuck fitting: 3/4" x 16TPI, right hand.
  • Maximum work length: 37" (between centres). Less if using chuck/faceplate.
  • Maximum work diameter: 12".

For further information, see manual.

Risk Assessment

Company Name Manchester Hackspace
Assessment Completed by Tom S,
Date 22/04/2018
Activity or area being assessed Draper WTL12A Lathe
Location Woody/Dusty

Who might be affected

Operator X
Other Members X
Visitors/Public X
Others (please describe)

Hazards

Hazard Type Description of Hazard Initial Risk Action Required Final Risk
Severity Probability Rating Severity Probability Rating
Sharp Contact with chisel Personal injury in the form of penetrating injury from kickback of chisel 4 5 20 Operator to wear appropriate clothes, face shield and apron

Operator will be taught how to choose the correct chisel for each cut Operator will be taught how to handle and operate turning chisel safely

2 1 2
Blindness/Facial injury Blindness/Facial Injury due to flying chips/splinters/dust 4 4 16 Woody/Dusty door to be closed while lathe in use

Operator and trainer(s) (if applicable) to wear full face shields provided.
Others in woody/dusty area to wear eye protection.

4 1 4
Blunt force Contact with chisel Personal injury in the form of blunt force injury from kickback of chisel 3 5 15 Operator to wear appropriate clothes, face shield and apron

Operator will be taught how to choose the correct chisel for each cut Operator will be taught how to handle and operate turning chisel safely

2 2 4
Loss of control of cutting tool Operator loses control of handheld cutting tool. 4 3 12 Operator to be taught proper tool holding technique during training.

Operator to be undertake risky cuts (e.g. interrupted cuts) with great care.
Steady rest to be used.
Tools to be sharpened before use and checked for damage (N.B. Do not sharpen carbide tools, if damaged replace insert).
Most likely projectile path is into the wall behind the lathe.

4 2 8
rapid disassembly Personal injury from object rapidly disassembling in to chunks at speed 4 3 12 Operator to wear appropriate clothes, face shield and apron

Operator will be taught what wood is situatable Operator will be taught correct rpm to turn wood at.

2 2 4
Dust inhalation Lung damage due to inhalation of fine wood dust. 3 3 9 Use of respirator/dust mask to be strongly encouraged.

Breathing mask will be mandatory when turning hazardous woods
Manufactured woods (OSB, plywood, MDF) are not to be turned.
The extraction fan will be switched on within the woody dusty area.
A reference book detailing hazards of a wide variety of woods is available and should be consulted before starting a turning project.

3 1 3
Trap Risk / Entanglement Hair or clothes caught or entangled in chuck 4 2 8 Operator to wear appropriate clothes with short sleeves, remove dangling jewellery, and tie hair back and secure in such a way that it can't reach the spinning tool

Operator to avoid any loose items of clothes or long hair becoming caught in the machine.
Operator not to reach over spinning chuck/workpiece.
Gloves must not be worn.

4 1 4
Insecure work Injury due to work being incorrectly secured, and leaving the chuck at speed 2 3 6 Operators to be taught how to mount work safely during training. 2 2 4
Another user entering the woody dusty area during turning A different user enters the area while turning wood 3 2 6 Operator to inform other users outside of woody dusty to avoid entering while turning wood. 3 1 3
Slips Trips or Falls Slips trips and falls may be caused by dust produced in use. 3 2 6 Ensure cleanup is done after use, including the use of the Henry hoover 3 1 3
Cut Risk / Splinters Cuts from sharp edges on part, swarf, or tool edge. 1 3 3 Operator will be taught how to handle swarf, parts and tools safely 1 2 2


PPE Requirements

Head Protection Eye Protection Ear Protection Respiration Protection Hand Protection High Visibility Safety Harness
Required Required Not required Not required Not required Not required Not required


Additional Notes

Any member who wishes to use the equipment must be trained in its safe operation by a competent member or other body, and supervised until competent. The findings of this risk assessment should be explained to the member. Any hazards discovered during use of the equipment should be investigated and this Risk Assessment updated if necessary.

Reference source: RapMan Australia

Guide to the risk matrix points system

Hazard severity Points rating Definition
Nil 1 Very minor injury, bruise, graze, no risk of disease.
Slight 2 Minor injury, which would allow the individual to continue work after first aid treatment on site or at a local surgery. The duration of the stoppage or treatment is such that the normal flow of work is not seriously interrupted.
Moderate 3 Temporary disability causing injury or disease capable of keeping an individual off work for three days or more and reportable under RIDDOR
High 4 Causing death, serious injury or permanent disability to an individual.
Very high 5 Causing multiple deaths and widespread destruction eg. fire, building collapse.
Hazard probability Points Rating Definition
Remote possibility 1 There is really no risk present. Only under freak conditions could there be any possibility of an accident or illness. All reasonable precautions have been taken - This should be the normal state of the workplace.
Unlikely 2 This incident or illness might occur but the probability is low and the risk minimal.
Possible 3 The accident may occur if additional factors precipitate it, but it is unlikely to happen without them.
Highly likely 4 Will happen more often than not. Additional factors could precipitate an incident but it is still likely to happen without this additional factor.
Inevitable 5 If the work continues as it is, there is almost 100% certainty that an accident will happen, for example:

• A broken stair or broken rung on a ladder • Bare, exposed electrical conductors • Unstable stacks of heavy boxes

Risk Rating Definitions
Score Definition Action
1 to 4 Low No action required
5 to 9 Moderate Reduce risks if reasonably practicable
10 to 15 High Risk Priority action to be undertaken
16 to 25 Unacceptable Action must be taken IMMEDIATELY
Points System
1 Nil 2 Slight 3 Moderate 4 High 5 Very High
1 Remote L L L L M
2 Unlikely L L M M H
3 Possible L M M H H
4 Highly Likely L M H U U
5 Ineveitable M H H U U